The painting depicts how Kaliya begins to spout poison and encircles Krishna in its coils when it detects that Krishna has entered the pool and finally Krishna can be seen holding a flute and subduing Kaliya by dancing on his head. Kaliya Daman is a significant event in the Mahabharata, marking Lord Krishna's triumph over a poisonous serpent named Kaliya. This classical tale forms a vital event of Krishna's childhood, once again establishing the divinity of Lord Vishnu and his incarnated self.
Madhubani, which by one account means Forest of Honey, (‘Madhu’-honey, ‘Ban’-forest or woods) is a region in Mithila region of Nepal and the northern part (Madhubani district) of Bihar. The Madhubani paintings is an ancient style of painting that originates 2500 years ago. Legend has it that The King of Mithila ( a region now in modern Nepal and with its capital Janakpur) had first commissioned rural artists to paint the palace walls. The occasion was his daughter’s wedding. The name of his daughter was Sita and the bride groom was Lord Rama.
Following the age old methods of painting, artist, till date, mixes cow-dung and rock-salt glue to the paints. While cow dung is used for the shine it imparts to the colored patches, glue helps the paint to bind well with the special handmade paper used for these paintings.